Module mod_include

This module is contained in the mod_include.c file, and is compiled in by default. It provides for server-parsed html documents, known as SPML documents. Any document with mime type text/x-server-parsed-html or text/x-server-parsed-html3 will be parsed by this module, with the resulting output given the mime type text/html. Several directives beyond the original NCSA SPML definition have been included in Apache 1.2 - these are flagged below with the phrase "Apache 1.2 and above". Of particular significance are the new flow control directives documented at the bottom.

Basic Elements

The document is parsed as an HTML document, with special commands embedded as SGML comments. A command has the syntax:
<!--#element attribute=value attribute=value ... -->
The value will often be enclosed in double quotes; many commands only allow a single attribute-value pair.

The allowed elements are:

This command controls various aspects of the parsing. The valid attributes are:
The value is a message that is sent back to the client if an error occurs whilst parsing the document.
The value sets the format to be used which displaying the size of a file. Valid values are bytes for a count in bytes, or abbrev for a count in Kb or Mb as appropriate.
The value is a string to be used by the strftime(3) library routine when printing dates.
This command prints one of the include variables, defined below. If the variable is unset, it is printed as (none). Any dates printed are subject to the currently configured timefmt. Attributes:
The value is the name of the variable to print.
The exec command executes a given shell command or CGI script. The IncludesNOEXEC Option disables this command completely. The valid attributes are:
The value specifies a (%-encoded) URL relative path to the CGI script. If the path does not begin with a (/), then it is taken to be relative to the current document. The document referenced by this path is invoked as a CGI script, even if the server would not normally recognize it as such. However, the directory containing the script must be enabled for CGI scripts (with ScriptAlias or the ExecCGI Option).

The CGI script is given the PATH_INFO and query string (QUERY_STRING) of the original request from the client; these cannot be specified in the URL path. The include variables will be available to the script in addition to the standard CGI environment.

If the script returns a Location: header instead of output, then this will be translated into an HTML anchor.

The include virtual element should be used in preference to exec cgi.

The server will execute the given string using /bin/sh. The include variables are available to the command.
This command prints the size of the specified file, subject to the sizefmt format specification. Attributes:
The value is a path relative to the directory containing the current document being parsed.
The value is a (%-encoded) URL-path relative to the current document being parsed. If it does not begin with a slash (/) then it is taken to be relative to the current document.
This command prints the last modification date of the specified file, subject to the timefmt format specification. The attributes are the same as for the fsize command.
This command inserts the text of another document or file into the parsed file. Any included file is subject to the usual access control. If the directory containing the parsed file has the Option IncludesNOEXEC set, and the including the document would cause a program to be executed, then it will not be included; this prevents the execution of CGI scripts. Otherwise CGI scripts are invoked as normal using the complete URL given in the command, including any query string.

An attribute defines the location of the document; the inclusion is done for each attribute given to the include command. The valid attributes are:

The value is a path relative to the directory containing the current document being parsed. It cannot contain ../, nor can it be an absolute path. The virtual attribute should always be used in preference to this one.
The value is a (%-encoded) URL relative to the current document being parsed. The URL cannot contain a scheme or hostname, only a path and an optional query string. If it does not begin with a slash (/) then it is taken to be relative to the current document.
A URL is constructed from the attribute, and the output the server would return if the URL were accessed by the client is included in the parsed output. Thus included files can be nested.
This prints out a listing of all existing variables and their values. No attributes.
For example: <!--#printenv -->
Apache 1.2 and above.
This sets the value of a variable. Attributes:
The name of the variable to set.
The value to give a variable.
For example: <!--#set var="category" value="help"-->
Apache 1.2 and above.

Include variables

In addition to the variables in the standard CGI environment, these are available for the echo command, for if and elif, and to any program invoked by the document.
The current date in Greenwich Mean Time.
The current date in the local time zone.
The filename (excluding directories) of the document requested by the user.
The (%-decoded) URL path of the document requested by the user. Note that in the case of nested include files, this is not then URL for the current document.
The last modification date of the document requested by the user.

Flow Control Elements

These are available in Apache 1.2 and above. The basic flow control elements are:
    <!--#if expr="test_condition" -->
    <!--#elif expr="test_condition" -->
    <!--#else -->
    <!--#endif -->

The if element works like an if statement in a programming language. The test condition is evaluated and if the result is true, then the text until the next elif, else. or endif element is included in the output stream.

The elif or else statements are be used the put text into the output stream if the original test_condition was false. These elements are optional.

The endif element ends the if element and is required.

test_condition is one of the following:

true if string is not empty
string1 = string2
string1 != string2
Compare string1 with string 2. If string2 has the form /string/ than it is compared as a regular expression. Regular expressions have the same syntax as those found in the Unix egrep command.
( test_condition )
true if test_condition is true
! test_condition
true if test_condition is false
test_condition1 && test_condition2
true if both test_condition1 and test_condition2 are true
test_condition1 || test_condition2
true if either test_condition1 or test_condition2 is true

"=" and "!=" bind more tightly than "&&" and "||". "!" binds most tightly. Thus, the following are equivalent:

    <!--#if expr="$a = test1 && $b = test2" -->
    <!--#if expr="($a = test1) && ($b = test2)" -->

Anything that's not recognized as a variable or an operator is treated as a string. Strings can also be quoted: 'string'. Unquoted strings can't contain whitespace (blanks and tabs) because it is used to separate tokens such as variables. If multiple strings are found in a row, they are concatenated using blanks. So,

     string1    string2  results in string1 string2
    'string1    string2' results in string1    string2

Variable substitution is done within quoted strings. You can put a dollar sign into the string using backslash quoting:

    <!--#if expr="$a = \$test" -->

EXAMPLE: the below example will print "in foo" if the DOCUMENT_URI is /foo/file.html, "in bar" if it is /bar/file.html and "in neither" otherwise:

    <!--#if expr="\"$DOCUMENT_URI\" = \"/foo/file.html\""-->
    in foo
    <!--#elif expr="\"$DOCUMENT_URI\" = \"/bar/file.html\""-->
    in bar
    <!--#else -->
    in neither
    <!--#endif -->



Syntax: XBitHack status
Default: XBitHack off
Context: server config, virtual host, directory, .htaccess
Override: Options
Status: Base
Module: mod_include

The XBitHack directives controls the parsing of ordinary html documents. Status can have the following values:

No special treatment of executable files.
Any file that has the user-execute bit set will be treated as a server-parsed html document.
As for on but also test the group-execute bit. If it is set, then set the Last-modified date of the returned file to be the last modified time of the file. If it is not set, then no last-modified date is sent. Setting this bit allows clients and proxies to cache the result of the request.

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